Missouri Botanical Garden Open Conference Systems, TDWG 2016 ANNUAL CONFERENCE

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Biodiversity Information Systems in Geospatial Applications for Protected Areas in Bangladesh
Md Rahimullah Miah, Alexander K. Sayok, Ahi Sarok, Mohammad Belal Uddin

Building: Computer Science
Room: Computer Science 3
Date: 2016-12-08 09:45 AM – 10:00 AM
Last modified: 2016-11-23

Abstract


The study explores a structure for a Biodiversity Information Systems (BIS), giving pertinent instructions and guidelines to the Space Research Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO) for surveying the protected areas (PA) of Bangladesh, particularly the Lawachara National Park in Moulvibazar district. SPARRSO facilitates interdisciplinary research associations at divisional, national, regional and international levels and provides a clearing house mechanism (CHM) to distribute information to affected parties. To date, Bangladesh has no national biodiversity database with clearing house mechanism services as defined by the Aichi targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). There are many problems that national bio-networks face to manage biodiversity data of PA. This study provides a unique view of the tools being used to enhance the upcoming development of this national biodiversity database, which will use observations, interviews, reconnaissance findings, literature reviews and existing laws and policies. The study incorporates the collective technological information from stakeholders e.g., biodiversity specialists, forest officers, ecologists, conservationists, environmentalists, policy-makers, park managers, judges, environmental lawyers, academics, network managers, co-management team leaders and adjacent local village leaders. Almost 64% of the respondents agreed to develop the National Biodiversity Database for protecting biodiversity of PA and 53% of users stated that this BIS is more applicable than traditional systems. The study represents the indispensable connectivity with the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) for wide-ranging datasets, data sharing, data-indexing, web-publishing and electronic reports to CBD with the help of National Resources Information Management Systems (RIMS) and SPARRSO. Finally, this study suggests future research trajectories using a new collaborative approach to drive the methodological agenda and recommends ways to further incorporate the information systems integrating next generation biodiversity conservation outlooks.